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Early Years Foundation Stage 

What is the Early Years Foundation Stage?

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is how the Government and early year’s professionals describe the time in your child’s life between birth and age 5. When your child is born up until the age of 5, their early years experience should be happy, active, exciting, fun and secure, and support their development, care and learning needs.

The EYFS is made up of 4 themes:

The Unique Child

 Positive Relationships

The Enabling Environment and Learning and development

Please click for further guidance to your child's learning and development in the early years.

Prime Areas

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

This area involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves and others; to be able to form positive relationship and develop respect for other and oneself. It helps children to develop social skill sand a good attitude to learning; to understand appropriate behaviour, manage their feelings and to build confidence in their own abilities. 

PSED is made up of: 

Self confidence and self awareness

Managing Feelings and behaviour

Making Relationships

Communication and Language

CL involves giving children opportunities to experience rich language environment; to develop their skills and confidence in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations. This area provides children with opportunities for speaking, listening and to ignite children's interest in reading and writing. 

CL is made up of:

Listening and Attention



Physical Development

This area involves and provides opportunities for young children to be active and interact. It develops their co-ordination, manipulation, control and movement. It develops understanding of the importance of being physically active and eating healthily; to make choices in relations to food. 

PD is made up of: 

Moving and Handling

Health and Self-Care



The Specific Areas:


Literacy development encourages children to link sound and letters and to begin to read and write. This involves giving children access to wide range of reading materials and different print and signs in the environment , listening to stories, join in with songs an nursery rhymes; encourage children to talk about what they have drawn or written. 

LD is made up of: 




Involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shape, spaces and measures. This area supports children's understanding in different situations by providing opportunities to explore, practice, learn and talk. Develop mathematical understanding through stories, songs,  imaginative play and through the environment.

Mathematics is made up of: 


Shape, Space and Measures


Understanding the World

This area offers children opportunities to explore and observe the environment, living things and objects. Guifing children to make sense of their physical world and their community to explore,observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment. Give children the best opportunities and extend children's experience of the world, use open ended questions i.e. "How can we..?" and predict, discuss, make decisions using first hand experiences. 

UW is made up of: 

People and communities

The World


Expressive Arts and Design

This area supports children's curiosity and play. EAD enables children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials and providing opportunities to share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dace and role play.

EAD is made up of: 

Exploring and using Media and Materials

Being Imaginative

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